Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Comparison and Analysis of Seismic Behavior of Multistoried RCC Building with Friction Dampers and Fluid Viscous Dampers

Prasad V. Deshmukh, D.H. Tupe, G.R. Gandhe


This paper deals with effect of position and number of friction dampers on response of 2D frame. To fulfill this objective, five bay and fifteen story 2D frame is analyzed using software ETABS-2017. The study is carried out using two, three and four number of friction dampers with different locations keeping slip load and stiffness constant. As the behavior of friction damper is elasto-plastic, the Nonlinear time history analysis of all the frames is done using El Centro ground motion record. To study the effect of number and position, percentage energy dissipated in accordance with energy induced in the frame, fundamental time period, base shear, and joint displacement and member forces is considered. The results have showed that number and placement of damper influences significantly the structural response. A large number of dampers do not always lead to best benefit in terms of energy dissipation. It was found that the location of damper which tuned the building with respect to input acceleration dissipates maximum percentage of input energy.

Keywords: Friction damper, hysteretic energy, non-linear time history analysis, slip load

Full Text:



Uniform Building Code. Structural Engineering Design Provisions. International Conference of

Building Officials. Uniform Building Code Vol 2; 1997.

Avtar P, Tina Pall R. Performance based design using pall friction dampers an economical design

solution. Vancouver, Canada; 2004.

Constantinou MC. Principles of friction, viscoelastic, yielding steel and fluid viscous dampers:

properties and design. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. 1994:209–40. doi:


Housner GW, Bergman LA, Caughey TK, Chassiakos AG, Claus RO, Masri SF, et al. Structural

control: past, present, and future. J Eng Mech. 1997;123(9):897–971. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733–


Agrawal P, Shrikhande M. Earthquake resistant design of structures. Public Health Institute

Learning; 2006.

Marko J, Thambiratnam D, Perera N. Influence of damping systems on building structures subject

to seismic effects. Eng Struct. 2004;26(13):1939–56. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2004.07.008.

Gattulli V. Passive energy dissipation systems in structural engineering T.T. Soong and G.F.

Dargush John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. Meccanica. 1999;34(1):65–6. doi:


Mualla IH, Belev B. Performance of steel frames with a new friction damper device under

earthquake excitation. Eng Struct. 2002;24(3):365–71. doi: 10.1016/S0141–0296(01)00102-X.

Pall AS, Marsh C, Fazio P. Friction Joints for Seismic Control of Large Panel Structures. PCIJ.

;25(6):38–61. doi: 10.15554/pcij.11011980.38.61.

Pall AS. Friction devices for a seismic design of buildings. Canadian Conference on Earthquake

Engineering; 1983. p. 475–84 IV.

Pall AS, Marsh C. Response of friction damped braced frames. J Struct Div. 1982;108(6):1313–

doi: 10.1061/JSDEAG.0005968.

Aiken ID, Kelly JM. Earthquake simulator testing and analytical studies of two energy-absorbing

systems for multistory structures. Rep No. UCB/EERC-90/03. CA: University of California

Berkeley; 1990.


  • There are currently no refbacks.